Brandywine Creek, Battle of
BRANDYWINE CREEK, BATTLE OF
BRANDYWINE CREEK, BATTLE OF (11 September 1777), was fought in Chester County, Pennsylvania, ten miles northwest of Wilmington, Delaware. The British and Hessian troops commanded by the generals Sir William Howe, Lord Cornwallis, and Baron Wilhelm von Knyphausen composed a force of nineteen thousand. The American army under General George Washington numbered eleven thousand. The British crossed the east side of the creek at Jeffrie's Ford, continued southward, and suddenly attacked General John Sullivan's troops near Birmingham Meeting house. The outnumbered Americans suffered one thousand casualties and were compelled to retire. At night Washington withdrew his army toward Philadelphia.
Canby, Henry Seidel. The Brandywine. New York: Farrar and Rinehart, 1941.
Townsend, Joseph. The Battle of Brandywine. New York: New York Times, 1969.
Charles W.Heathcote/a. r.
See alsoGerman Mercenaries .
Brandywine, battle of
J. A. Cannon