Consulate

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con·su·late / ˈkänsələt/ • n. 1. the place or building in which a consul's duties are carried out. ∎  the office, position, or period of office of a consul. 2. hist. the period of office of a Roman consul. ∎  (the consulate) the system of government by consuls in ancient Rome. 3. (the Consulate) the government of the first French republic (1799–1804) by three consuls.

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Consulate, 1799–1804, in French history, form of government established after the coup of 18 Brumaire (Nov. 9–10, 1799), which ended the Directory. Three consuls were appointed to rule France—Napoleon Bonaparte (see Napoleon I), Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès, and Roger Ducos. Sieyès and Ducos were soon replaced by Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès and C. F. Lebrun, and the Consulate became little more than a scheme for autocratic government by Bonaparte, who was made first consul for life in 1802 and emperor in 1804.