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Orangemen

Orangemen, members of the Loyal Orange Institution, familiarly called the Orange Order, a Protestant Irish society founded and flourishing mainly in Ulster. It was established (1795) to maintain the Protestant ascendancy in Ireland in the face of the rising agitation for Catholic Emancipation. Its name is taken from the family name of King William III of England, who defeated King James II in the battle of the Boyne in 1690. July 12, the anniversary of this victory, is the principal holiday of the order, on which the members wear orange-colored flowers and orange sashes and march in parades; parades passing through Catholic sections of Northern Irish cities have been a source of interreligious friction. Branches of the society have been formed in many parts of the English-speaking world.

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Orangemen

Orangemen. Members of the Protestant fraternal Orange Order, prominent in N. Ireland, concerned to defend Protestant ascendancy. The order was founded in 1795, named from William III, William of Orange. (Orange is a town on the river Rhône, once capital of a small principality from which William's ancestors took their name.) The marches of the Orangemen in N. Ireland are a public manifestation of what the Roman Catholic population perceives as a determination of at least some Protestants to remain dominant and a part of the United Kingdom.

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"Orangemen." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Feb. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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Orangemen

Orangemen Members of the Orange Society, or Orange Order. It was founded (1795) in Ulster in response to the mainly Roman Catholic, nationalist United Irishmen, and was named for the Protestant hero, William III (of Orange). His victory against the Catholic James II at the battle of the Boyne (1690) is celebrated on its anniversary, July 12.

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Orangemen

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