Tracy, Benjamin F.
Tracy publicly championed Alfred T. Mahan's doctrine of seapower. He launched the navy upon battle fleet construction in support of that doctrine, as well as introducing a prototype military‐industrial complex through close relationships between government and the steel industry. He encouraged technology transfer from Europe, and shrewdly negotiated with Congress for increased naval budgets. He modernized operational planning through establishment of a policy board, organized the first tactical squadron of evolution for fleet maneuver training, and abolished the spoils system in navy yards in order to reform the shore establishment. His ventures in overseas naval base acquisitions in Samoa, Haiti, and Santo Domingo, as well as his response to revolutions in Chile and Hawaii, proved more controversial than successful. Tracy's active retirement included service in the boundary dispute over British Guiana and chairman of the greater New York Charter Commission in 1897.
[See also Navy, U.S.: 1866–98; Prisoner‐of‐War Camps, Civil War.]
B. Franklin Cooling , Benjamin Franklin Tracy; Father of the Modern American Fighting Navy, 1979.
Paola E. Coletta , Benjamin F. Tracy, in Coletta, ed., American Secretaries of the Navy, 1980.
B. Franklin Cooling
"Tracy, Benjamin F.." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/tracy-benjamin-f
"Tracy, Benjamin F.." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved August 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/tracy-benjamin-f