St. Mihiel, Battle of
The offensive began early on 12 September, after a four‐hour artillery bombardment. It was a mixed success. The salient was cut off within twenty‐four hours, but had already begun a tactical withdrawal to stronger positions; as a result, the number of Germans captured—about 15,000—was less than Pershing had sought. American casualties were about 7,000 out of 550,000 troops engaged. The operation showed the Americans the difficulty of sustaining a massive infantry attack much beyond four days or ten miles because of difficulties of resupply. However, the First Army's success brought much praise from Allied leaders, who had been skeptical about the state of planning and élan of the U.S. forces.
John Toland , No Man's Land: 1918—The Last Year of the Great War, 1980.
Paul F. Braim , The Test of Battle: The American Expeditionary Forces in the Meuse‐Argonne Campaign, 1987, rev. ed., 1997.
Paul F. Braim
"St. Mihiel, Battle of." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 4, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/st-mihiel-battle
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