St. Mihiel, Battle of
The offensive began early on 12 September, after a four‐hour artillery bombardment. It was a mixed success. The salient was cut off within twenty‐four hours, but had already begun a tactical withdrawal to stronger positions; as a result, the number of Germans captured—about 15,000—was less than Pershing had sought. American casualties were about 7,000 out of 550,000 troops engaged. The operation showed the Americans the difficulty of sustaining a massive infantry attack much beyond four days or ten miles because of difficulties of resupply. However, the First Army's success brought much praise from Allied leaders, who had been skeptical about the state of planning and élan of the U.S. forces.
John Toland , No Man's Land: 1918—The Last Year of the Great War, 1980.
Paul F. Braim , The Test of Battle: The American Expeditionary Forces in the Meuse‐Argonne Campaign, 1987, rev. ed., 1997.
Paul F. Braim
"St. Mihiel, Battle of." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 11, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/st-mihiel-battle
"St. Mihiel, Battle of." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved March 11, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/st-mihiel-battle
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.