In 1914, the naval militia received federal recognition as an official reserve force comparable in status to the National Guard. During World War I, however, naval militia units lost their state designation when members were assigned indiscriminately to U.S. Navy ships. The Naval Reserve Act of 1938 permanently federalized the naval militia as a training unit for the U.S. Naval Reserves. Unlike National Guardsmen, naval militiamen now volunteered to serve first in the reserves, then the militia. Reflecting the trend toward federal supervision and the emphasis on billet over unit training, only three states continued their naval militia units by 1960.
[See also Militia and National Guard; Navy, U.S.: 1866–1898; Navy, U.S.: 1899–1945.]
Jim Dan Hill , The Minute Man in Peace and War, 1964.
Kevin R. Hart , Towards a Citizen Sailor: The History of the Naval Militia Movement, 1888–1898, American Neptune, 33 (October 1973), pp. 258–79.
Jennifer D. Keene
"Naval Militia." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/naval-militia
"Naval Militia." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved March 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/naval-militia
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