Skip to main content

Ecclesiastical Titles Act

Ecclesiastical Titles Act, 1851. In 1850, Pope Pius IX, encouraged by Nicholas Wiseman, announced the restoration of a Roman catholic hierarchy in England with English territorial titles, such as archbishop of Westminster. This provocative move, accompanied by comments on ‘the Anglican schism’, was the consequence of the great numerical increase from Irish immigration of Roman catholics in England in the 1840s and the church's more aggressive attitude to proselytization in England; it caused one of the final bouts of English anti-popery. Lord John Russell, the prime minister, further encouraged protests by his ‘Durham letter’ and by passing in 1851 the Ecclesiastical Titles Act, which forbade Roman catholics from using English place-name titles. Opponents of the bill such as Gladstone pointed out that the episcopalian church in Scotland, which was not established, already did what the Roman catholics proposed to do. The Act was a dead letter from the start and was repealed by Gladstone in 1871.

H. C. G. Matthew

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Ecclesiastical Titles Act." The Oxford Companion to British History. . 19 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Ecclesiastical Titles Act." The Oxford Companion to British History. . (January 19, 2019).

"Ecclesiastical Titles Act." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved January 19, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.