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Cartwright, Thomas

Cartwright, Thomas (1535–1603). A leading early presbyterian, Cartwright was born in Hertfordshire and graduated from St John's College, Cambridge. Expelled on Mary's accession, he returned as fellow of Trinity (1562), but disputes over surplices and church government led him to depart for Ireland (1565–7). After his return as Lady Margaret professor of divinity (1569) his advocacy of presbyterian church government brought him into frequent conflict with Whitgift, master of Trinity. Deprived of his professorship (1570) and his Trinity fellowship (1571), he emigrated to Geneva. After a brief spell in England (1572), he became (1573) minister to exiled English congregations in Antwerp and Middelburg. Back in England (1585), he continued to preach despite two spells of imprisonment, after which he retired to Guernsey (1592). Intellectually the leading puritan of his day, he refused to associate with the Brownists and Barrowists.

Revd Dr William M. Marshall

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