Skip to main content


Brooks's, one of the most famous of London clubs, began life in Pall Mall in 1764 as Almack's, its proprietor William McCall wisely reversing his name to avoid anti-Scottish prejudice. In 1778 it moved to new premises in St James's Street built by Henry Holland and changed its name to Brooks's. It was noted for high gambling and Whig politics. In its possession are fine busts of Fox and Pitt by Nollekens.

J. A. Cannon

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Brooks's." The Oxford Companion to British History. . 18 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Brooks's." The Oxford Companion to British History. . (February 18, 2019).

"Brooks's." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved February 18, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.