Seal of the Confederate States of America

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SEAL OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA. The seal of the Confederate States of America was the official embossed emblem of the Confederacy. On 30 April 1863, the Confederate congress commissioned the seal. It depicted Thomas Crawford's equestrian statue of George Washington in Richmond, Virginia, with the date 22 February 1862, Jefferson Davis's inauguration day, and the motto Deo Vindice ("God will vindicate"). Joseph Shepherd Wyon of London cut the seal in solid silver. It reached Richmond in September 1864, but the Confederate government never affixed it to any document. The seal disappeared during the evacuation of Richmond at the end of the Civil War, but it was recovered and is now displayed in Richmond's Museum of the Confederacy.


Ballard, Michael B. A Long Shadow: Jefferson Davis and the Final Days of the Confederacy. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1986.

Grimsley, Mark, and Brooks D. Simpson, eds. The Collapse of the Confederacy. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2001.

John C.Fitzpatrick/a. e.

See alsoConfederate States of America .