Panton, Leslie and Company
PANTON, LESLIE AND COMPANY
PANTON, LESLIE AND COMPANY began trading with the Native peoples of the American Southeast during the Revolution. Scottish Loyalists William Panton, John Leslie, and Thomas Forbes fled to Florida, and after the 1783 Treaty of Paris gave the territory back to Spain, the firm was allowed to continue to operate out of St. Augustine and Pensacola. In 1785, Spain granted the company the exclusive right to trade with the Creeks, and in 1788 Spain broadened the grant to include the Choctaws and Chickasaws. The firm supplied the tribes with munitions, rum, and other assorted goods in exchange for deerskins, furs, bear oil, honey, and foodstuffs. The company expanded its reach as far as the Bahamas, Texas, Louisiana, and Yucatán, and it continued to trade as John Forbes and Company until 1847. These prominent traders were able to survive and profit in a violent and volatile setting during a period of massive, rapid historical change. Their papers, scattered in archives throughout Great Britain, the United States, Spain, and Latin America, detail their commercial exploits and open the world of late-eighteenth and early nineteenth-century Native Americans to interested researchers.
Coker, William S., and Thomas D. Watson. Indian Traders of the Southeastern Spanish Borderlands: Panton, Leslie & Company and John Forbes & Company, 1783–1847. Pensacola: University of West Florida Press, 1986. The foreword by J. Leitch Wright, Jr. eloquently describes the activities and importance of the company.
See alsoIndian Trade and Traders .
"Panton, Leslie and Company." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 10, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/panton-leslie-and-company
"Panton, Leslie and Company." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved December 10, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/panton-leslie-and-company
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.