Mail, Southern Overland
MAIL, SOUTHERN OVERLAND
MAIL, SOUTHERN OVERLAND, also known as the Butterfield Overland Mail, was the first land mail route from the East to California. On 3 March 1857, Congress authorized a semiweekly service on a twenty-five-day schedule at $600,000 per year. Postmaster General Aaron V. Brown, a native of Tennessee, chose a southern route, running from St. Louis and Memphis to San Francisco. Service began 15 September 1858 and lasted until the outbreak of the Civil War, when the line was moved to a more northerly route.
Hafen, LeRoy R. The Overland Mail, 1849–1869: Promoter of Settlement, Precursor of Railroads. Cleveland, Ohio: A. H. Clark, 1926. Reprint, New York: AMS Press, 1969. Reprint, Mansfield Center, Conn.: Martino, 2002.
Tallack, William. The California Overland Express. Los Angeles: Historical Society of Southern California, 1935.
Leroy R.Hafen/a. r.
See alsoPostal Service, U.S. ; Stagecoach Travel .
"Mail, Southern Overland." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mail-southern-overland
"Mail, Southern Overland." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved October 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mail-southern-overland
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.