Skip to main content

Short-leaved Rosemary

Short-leaved Rosemary

Conradina brevifolia

Status Endangered
Listed July 12, 1993
Family Lamiaceae (Mint)
Description A fragrant, perennial shrub.
Habitat Sand pine scrub vegetation on Lake Wales Ridge, Florida.
Threats Residential development and conversion of habitat to citrus groves and pastures.
Range Florida

Description

The short-leaved rosemary is a perennial shrub with leaves on well-developed flowering branches that are 0.24-0.32 in (6.0-8.2 mm) long, mostly shorter than the internodes. There are between one and six flowers per axil.

Habitat

The short-leaved rosemary inhabits sand pine scrub vegetation, generally dominated by evergreen scrub oaks and other shrubs, with scattered sand pine and open areas with herbs and smaller shrubs. This vegetation type supports many endemic species including 13 species that are Federally listed as endangered or threatened.

Distribution

This plant is a local (or endemic) species restricted to less than 6,000 acres (2,400 hectares) on the Lake Wales Ridge in Polk and Highlands Counties, Florida.

Threats

Except for two protected colonies, the short-leaved rosemary is threatened by destruction of its central Florida scrub habitat for agricultural purposes (citrus groves and pastures) and for residential development. Fire control may also impact the species by allowing succession to progress and degrade its natural habitat; the short-leaved rosemary may not be able to compete with species of later succession. Wild rosemary is considered a desirable plant in horticulture, and a more widespread relative, Conradina canescens, is often collected. Protection of the endangered short-leaved rosemary is made difficult by its similarity to C. canescens.

C. brevifolia is only known to survive at about 30 sites. Because of its small population size and limited distribution, it is vulnerable to extinction. The small population size also means there is a limited gene pool, which could affect the ability of the rare shrub to adapt to changes in its environment.

Conservation and Recovery

The short-leaved rosemary occurs on the Lake Arbuckle State Forest and on land owned by The Nature Conservancy at Saddle Blanket Lakes. These lands are being managed to maintain their natural condition. In 1997, the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service published a Recovery Plan for the short-leaved rosemary and co-occurring rare plants. These species will all benefit from actions taken to protect the threatened Florida scrub-jay, from land acquisitions to create a Lake Wales Ridge National Wildlife Refuge, and from other Federal, State, and private land acquisition projects.

Research concerning the propagation and reintroduction of the short-leaved rosemary is needed to ensure the success of transplants and to provide a captive population to provide stock for future transplants. The population of the short-leaved rosemary should be monitored, and further research conducted on its life history and ecological requirements.

Contacts

U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Regional Office Division of Endangered Species
1875 Century Blvd., Suite 200
Atlanta, Georgia 30345
http://southeast.fws.gov/

Ecological Services Field Office
6620 Southpoint Drive South, Suite 310
Jacksonville, FL
32216-0958
Telephone: (904) 232-2580
Fax: (904) 232-2404

References

U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 12 July 1993. "Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Endangered or Threatened Status for Five Florida Plants." Federal Register 58 (131): 37432-37443.

U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1995. Short-leaved Rosemary (Conradina brevifolia). Endangered and Threatened Species of the Southeastern United States (The Red Book) FWS Region 4. http://endangered.fws.gov/i/q/saqaa.html

U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1996. Recovery Plan for Nineteen Central Florida Scrub and High Pineland Plants (revised). U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Atlanta, Georgia. 134 pp.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Short-leaved Rosemary." Beacham's Guide to the Endangered Species of North America. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Short-leaved Rosemary." Beacham's Guide to the Endangered Species of North America. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 18, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/science-magazines/short-leaved-rosemary

"Short-leaved Rosemary." Beacham's Guide to the Endangered Species of North America. . Retrieved November 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/science-magazines/short-leaved-rosemary

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.