Smith, Robert Angus (1817 – 1884) Scottish Chemist
Robert Angus Smith (1817 – 1884)
Smith has two claims to fame. Through his studies of air pollution he was, in 1852, the discoverer of acid rain , and his appointment as Queen Victoria's first inspector under the Alkali Acts Administration of 1863 made him the prototype of the scientific civil servant. He was one of the earlier scientists to study the chemistry of air and water pollution and among the first to see that such study was important in identifying and controlling environmental problems caused by industrial growth in urban centers. He was also interested in public health, disinfection, peat formation, and antiquarian subjects. Although his work has sometimes been dismissed as pedestrian, Smith's pioneering studies of the chemistry of atmospheric precipitation, published in 1872 in the book Air and Rain, were far ahead of their time and a major contribution to a new discipline that he called "chemical climatology."
[Eville Gorham Ph.D. ]
Gorham, E. "Robert Angus Smith, F.R.S., and 'Chemical Climatology.'" Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 36 (1982): 267–72.
MacLeod, R. M. "The Alkali Acts Administration, 1863–84: The Emergence of the Civil Scientist." Victorian Studies 9 (1965): 85–112.
"Smith, Robert Angus (1817 – 1884) Scottish Chemist." Environmental Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Feb. 2019 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.
"Smith, Robert Angus (1817 – 1884) Scottish Chemist." Environmental Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 17, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/smith-robert-angus-1817-1884-scottish-chemist
"Smith, Robert Angus (1817 – 1884) Scottish Chemist." Environmental Encyclopedia. . Retrieved February 17, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/smith-robert-angus-1817-1884-scottish-chemist
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.