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Pepin III ( the Short) (c.714–68) First Carolingian king of the Franks (750–68). In 750, he deposed the last Merovingian king, Childeric III, and defeated the Lombards in 754 and 756. He ceded the conquered territories (the future Papal States) to the papacy in what was known as the Donation of Pepin. He was suceeded by his son Charlemagne.