Union of Concerned Scientists
Union of Concerned Scientists
The Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) is a nonprofit alliance of some fifty thousand scientists and citizens across the United States. The group's stated goal is to combine rigorous scientific analysis with committed citizen advocacy in order to build a cleaner environment and a safer world. The group focuses on issues such as global warming and the environmental impact of vehicles and various energy sources.
The UCS was formed in 1969 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where a number of faculty members and students banded together to protest what they saw as the abuse of science and technology for military purposes. The new group called for greater emphasis on the application of scientific research to solve social and environmental problems. In its early years, the organization issued statements urging an end to the nuclear arms race and a ban on space weapons research. In recent years, the group has focused more on environmental issues.
In 1992, seventeen hundred of the world's leading scientists, including many Nobel prize winners, issued an emotional appeal through the UCS. Their statement, titled "World Scientists' Warning to Humanity," noted that "human activities inflict harsh and often irreversible damage on the environment and on critical resources." It urged the world community to take action by moving away from fossil fuels and giving high priority to more efficient use of natural resources such as water.
In 1997, the UCS issued another statement at the Kyoto Climate Summit in Japan. This statement, which addressed the threat of global warming, was signed by more than fifteen hundred scientists from sixty-three countries, including sixty U.S. National Medal of Science winners. UCS efforts helped set the stage for the adoption of an international treaty on climate change. Such joint appeals are influential, because they show world leaders that there is growing agreement among scientists on key issues.
In the United States, the UCS has been a force for social change as well. For example, in California, the UCS and other environmental and public health groups helped convince the state to begin requiring sport utility vehicles, light trucks, and diesel cars to meet the same tailpipe emissions standards as gasoline-powered cars. In Connecticut, the UCS and its allies helped persuade the legislature to pass a law that included strong support for clean, renewable energy sources. In short, the UCS continues to be a powerful voice for concerned scientists and citizens.
see also Environmental Movement; Global Warming; Treaties and Conferences.
brown, michael, and leon, warren. (1999). the consumer's guide to effective environmental choices: practical advice from the union of concerned scientists. new york: three rivers press.
union of concerned scientists. "world scientists' call for action" and "world scientists' warning to humanity." available from http://www.ucsusa.org.
Linda Wasmer Andrews
"Union of Concerned Scientists." Pollution A to Z. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/educational-magazines/union-concerned-scientists
"Union of Concerned Scientists." Pollution A to Z. . Retrieved March 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/educational-magazines/union-concerned-scientists
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.