Skip to main content

Clark, Roy

Roy Clark

Guitar and banjo player, singer

For the Record

Selected discography

Sources

The affable Roy Clark, longtime co-host of Hee Haw, on syndicated television, is recognized as a virtuoso of country-style banjo and guitar. Clark has been performing since his teens, and his serious musicianship is sometimes overshadowed by his hayseed comedy routines, especially on television. Neil Hickey noted in TV Guide, however, that the corny Hee Haw was the vehicle that propelled Clark from the penumbral half-light of minor celebrity to the blinding glare of full public favor and therefore gave the star a national following for his music.

Named Country Music Association Entertainer of the Year in 1973, Clark has extended his popularity beyond Americas borders to include Europe and the Soviet Union, where he has toured to enthusiastic ovations. The extent of his appeal, obviously, is wider than the southern states where country music dominates. This is because Clark has been a ground-breaker in adapting country picking styles to classical and popular melodieshis repertory includes the Spanish dance Malaguena, Laras Theme, and Yesterday When I Was Young. Hickey quotes HeeHaw producer Frank Peppiatt, who has said of Clark: It took a long time for him to be discovered, but he deserves his success because he is one of the best musicians alive.

Clark was born into a musical family. His father and uncles were amateur performers who played guitar, banjo, and fiddle at small socials in the Washington, D.C., area. While a child, Clark toyed with a cigar-box ukelele his father made for him; by his teens he had graduated to the banjo and guitar, both of which he mastered without learning how to read music. Soon he was playing with his family and contemplating a show business career. Clark was also an excellent athlete as a youngster. He was invited to spring training by the St. Louis Browns but had no money for the train fare to Florida. He also boxed professionally as a light heavyweight, winning fifteen bouts before losing one and deciding to retire.

At the age of fourteen Clark won the prestigious banjo competition at the National Country Music Championships in Warrenton, Virginia. He won again in 1948 and earned television contracts in Washington, D.C., and occasional appearances at Nashvilles Grand Ole Opry. By 1950 he had his own band and had added fiddle, piano, trumpet, trombone, and drums to his list of instruments played. He also worked up a comedy act that he performed during the bands breaks, and he discovered that he enjoyed making people laugh.

Slowly Clark began to make his way in the competitive country music industry. In the mid-1950s he played lead guitar first for Jimmy Deans Texas Wildcats, then for the Marvin Rainwater Ensemble. A 1956 guest

For the Record

Full name, Roy Linwood Clark; born April 5, 1933, in Meherrin, Va.; son of Hester (a federal government employee) Clark; divorced first wife; married second wife, Barbara Joyce, 1957; children: (first marriage) two. Education: Vocational high school graduate.

Professional country musician, 1948, comedian, 1950. Professional boxer, 1951. Lead guitarist with Jimmy Deans Texas Wildcats, the Marvin Rainwater Ensemble, and Wanda Jacksons band, 1953-61; toured with Hank Thompson, 1961; guest host of The Tonight Show, 1962; regular performer on Swingin Country (NBC-TV), 1966; host, with Buck Owens, of Hee Haw, syndicated television comedy/variety show, 1969.

Has also made guest appearances on television shows, including The Beverly Hillbillies, Grand Ole Opry, The Flip Wilson Show, The Jonathan Winters Show, Country Music Hit Parade, and numerous talk shows.

Awards: National Country Music Banjo Championship winner, 1947 and 1948; recipient of entertainer of the year awards from Country Music Association, 1973, and Academy of Country Music, 1973-74; Country Music Star of the Year citation from American Guild of Variety Artists, 1974; Instrumentalist of the Year awards from Country Music Association, 1977, 1978, and 1980; named Guitarist of the Year by Guitar Player and Playboy magazines, 1977 and 1978.

Addresses: Home Tulsa, OK. Office c/o 1800 Forrest Blvd., Tulsa, OK 74114. Agent Jim Halsey Company, Inc., 3225 S. Norwood Ave., Tulsa, OK 74135.

appearance on the Arthur Godfrey Show led to even wider exposure; by 1960 he was touring the nation and playing Las Vegas as backup to Wanda Jackson and Hank Thompson. In 1962 Clark got the chance to be a guest host of The Tonight Show, and he played the rural wisecracker so successfully that other television offers poured in. He appeared several times as Cousin Roy and Big Mama Halsey on The Beverly Hillbillies and was a guest star on numerous variety shows.

His early albums, Lightning Fingers of Roy Clark, Superpicker, and Yesterday When I Was Young did well on the country charts; the latter also made the pop charts. In 1969 Clark was working with The Jonathan Winters Show when he was asked to co-host a country comedy/variety series on CBS. He agreed, and Hee Haw, starring Clark and Buck Owens, premiered in May of 1969.

Fast-paced but uncompromisingly hokey, HeeHaw was an instant hit, not only among rural viewers, but with mainstream audiences as well. Country Music U.S.A.author Bill C. Malone observed that the shows appeal suggested that the humor of country music was more traditional than its music but added that the performers in the ensemble cast won a national exposure through the show that most earlier country comedians had only dreamed of.

HeeHaw was more than just a silly comedy program, however. Each episode featured an old-fashioned gospel quartet number, with Clark providing vocals and guitar accompaniment, and both hosts were given a solo song in almost every show. Clark used his solo time primarily to perform his guitar and banjo instrumentals, some of which bore little resemblance to the stereotypical hillbilly tenor of HeeHaw.. While one week he might pick the ever-popular Orange Blossom Special or Jesse James, the next week he would offer a jazz tune like St. Louis Blues or Georgia on My Mind.

Clarks performance styles likewise were quite varied, from traditional stringband methods to complex classical fingering to innovative uses of a guitar pick. CBS cancelled HeeHaw in 1971 because the network wanted to urbanize its image, but the show continued in syndication. It is still on the air throughout rural America, the longest continuously-running television program in history.

Surprisingly, HeeHaw consumes only three to five weeks of Clarks time each year. The rest of the time he travels, giving live performances and appearing on television talk shows, variety specials, and charity telethons. In The Encyclopedia of Country & Western Music, Rick Marschall suggested that because of his engaging personality, Clark is more popular in performance than on record. His voice can be described as a permanently hoarse tenor, and the emotion he brings to heart-songs sounds like every drop of feeling has been wrung out for the task. It is as a comedian and an instrumentalist that Clark has made his mark, however. Long-time friend Jimmy Dean is quoted in The Encyclopedia of Folk, Country, and Western Music as saying of Clark: Everybody loves him. When he walks out on stage with his bungling attitude as though he didnt know what was going to happen next, the audience is immediately on his side. Its like cheering for the underdog or the hometown boy.

Selected discography

Lightning Fingers of Roy Clark, Capitol, 1962.

Best of Roy Clark, Dot.

Country, Dot.

Do You Believe This?, Dot.

The Entertainer, Dot.

Entertainer of the Year, Capitol.

Everlovin Soul, Dot.

The Greatest!, Capitol.

Guitar Spectacular, Capitol.

Hell Have to Go, Pickwick.

Incredible, Dot.

I Never Picked Cotton, Dot.

Honky Tonk, Pickwick.

Live!, Dot.

Live Fast, Love Hard, Pickwick.

The Magnificent Sanctuary Band, Dot.

The Other Side of Roy Clark, Dot.

Roy Clark, Pickwick.

Silver Threads and Golden Needles, Hilltop.

Su per picker, Dot.

Take Me As I Am, Hilltop.

Urban, Suburban, Dot.

Yesterday When I Was Young, Dot.

Roy Clark Sings Gospel, Word.

Classic Clark, Dot.

Family and Friends, Dot.

Roy Clarks Greatest Hits, Volume I, Dot.

Heart to Heart, Dot.

Hookin It, ABC.

Live with Me, Dot.

(With Buck Trent)A Pair of Fives, Dot.

Sincerely Yours, Paramount.

So Much to Remember, Capitol.

Introducing Roy Clark, Ember.

The Very Best of Roy Clark, Capitol.

Country Standard Time, MCA, 1986.

Also recorded Happy to Be Unhappy, Family Album, Back to theCountry, and with Trent, Banjo Bandits.

Sources

Books

Malone, Bill C., Country Music U.S.A., revised and enlarged edition, University of Texas Press, 1985.

Marschall, Rick, The Encyclopedia of Country and Western Music, Exeter Books, 1985.

Stambler, Irwin and Grelun Landon, The Encyclopedia of Folk, Country, and Western Music, St. Martins, 1969.

Periodicals

People, September 26, 1977.

TV Guide, August 24, 1973.

Anne Janette Johnson

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Clark, Roy." Contemporary Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Aug. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Clark, Roy." Contemporary Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/clark-roy

"Clark, Roy." Contemporary Musicians. . Retrieved August 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/clark-roy

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.