Quatremère de Quincy, Antoine-Chrysostôme

Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article Share Article
views updated

Quatremère de Quincy, Antoine-Chrysostôme (1755–1849). French Free-mason, architectural theorist, and author of De l'Architecture Égyptienne (written 1785 and published 1803)—an important influence on Neo-Classicism and the Egyptian Revival. He wrote much of the architectural content in the Encylopédie Méthodique (1788–1825) and many other significant works, including Dictionnaire Historique d'Architecture 1832–3). He was also a key figure in the formation of the first landscaped cemeteries, and was responsible for the conversion of the Church of Ste-Geneviève in Paris (under the direction of Rondelet) into the Panthéon by blocking up the windows, not to strengthen the structure, as is erroneously supposed, but to give it the character of a mausoleum (1791–2). As permanent secretary to the Académie des Beaux-Arts (1816–39) he had an enormous influence on virtually all French official architecture. He was among the first to point out the polychromatic aspects of Greek art and architecture (e.g. in Le Jupiter olympien) (1814) ).

Bibliography

J. Curl (2005);
Etlin (1984);
Middleton & and Watkin (1987);
Placzek (ed.) (1982);
Quatremère de Quincy (1788–1825, 1803, 1814, 1823, 1828, 1830, 1832, 1834);
R. Schneider (1910);
Jane Turner (1996);
Vidler (1987)