Östberg, Ragnar

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Östberg, Ragnar (1866–1945). Swedish architect who enjoyed international celebrity in the first three decades of C20 because of the success of his Stockholm City Hall (1908–23), a building of memorable personality with beautifully crafted interiors. Drawing on Romanesque and Renaissance elements and certain ideas from Venice (Doge's Palace and Campanile), perhaps suggested by the marvellous waterside site, Östberg combined them in a wholly convincing synthesis of Arts-and-Crafts architecture, and created a masterpiece of National Romanticism, drawing on many mnemonics of Sweden's history for the interiors. His first important building was Östermalms Läroverk School, Stockholm (1910), where powerful forms, red brick, and finely crafted details combined in a satisfying whole. The Swedish Patent and Registration Office, Stockholm (1911–21), began to show Neo-Classical tendencies, while his National Maritime Museum, Stockholm (1936), was more austere, yet reflects Östberg's strivings to create a truly National architecture.

Bibliography

Andersson & and Bedoire (1992);
Caldenby et al. et al . (1998);
Cornell (1965, 1992);
Östberg (1908);
Jane Turner (1996)