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Normand, Alfred-Nicolas

Normand, Alfred-Nicolas (1822–1909). French architect and writer, son of Louis-Eléonor Normand (1780–1862), also an architect. After sustained study abroad, he settled in Paris in 1852 and became an important designer during the Second Empire. A confirmed Classicist, he avoided all medieval allusions in his work. His greatest achievement was the Maison Pompéienne, Avenue Montaigne, Paris (designed 1855, destroyed 1891), influenced by Roman villa plans, with a central glazed atrium. Interiors were revivals of Graeco-Roman, Pompeian, Empire, Islamic, and other styles, juxtaposed in a rich and fruity mélange. The house, for Prince Napoléon-Joseph-Charles-Paul (Plon-Plon) Bonaparte (1822–91), was the paradign of the Néo-Grec style. Normand also designed the women's prison, Rennes (1867–76), a vast establishment for 1,000 inmates. Among his other works were the C17 Revival Château Latour at Liancourt-St-Pierre, near Paris (1862–8), the restoration of the Colonne Vendôme and the Arc de Triomphe, Paris (1871–8), and the Hospital at St-Germain-en-Laye (1878–81). He was the editor of Le Moniteur des Architectes (Gazette of Architects) (1866–8) and published illustrations of the pavilions erected for the Exposition Universelle (1867). His sons, Charles-Nicolas (1858– ) and Paul (1861– ) were architects too.

Bibliography

Gary (1979);
GdBArts NS 5, lxxxvii (1976), 127–34;
Jane Turner (1996)

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