Skip to main content


288. Names

a word formed from the initial letters or syllables taken from a group of words that form the name of a company, product, process, etc. acronymic, acronymous, adj.
Ancient Rome. an additional name, usually given in honor of some signal achievement; hence, a nickname. agnominal, adj.
a name of one person used by another, such as a writer using the name of someone other than himself for concealment of identity or other purpose. Cf. pseudonym. allonymous, adj.
a branch of onomastics that studies personal names. anthroponymist, n.
1. the use of an epithet or appellative for an individuals name, as his excellency.
2. the use of a proper name to express a general idea or to designate others sharing a particular characteristic, as a Rockefeïler. antonomastic, adj.
biosystematy. biosystematic, biosystematical, adj.
the science of the classification of living things. Also biosystematics. biosystematic, biosystematical, adj.
pertaining to a bad or objectionable name.
1. Ancient Rome. the third and usually last name in Roman personal names, as Caesar of Gaius Julius Caesar.
2. a surname or family name.
3. a nickname. cognominal. adj.
a secret name.
1. the name of a real or legendary person that has been applied to a thing, institution, etc, as atlas.
2. the name of a person that is used to describe a time or period, as the Augustan Age. eponymic, eponymous, adj.
the derivation of names for tribes, nations, or places, from that of a person, whether real or imaginary. Also eponymy. eponymous, eponymic, adj.
a real or legendary person whose name has been used as an eponym.
a name that is apt or fitting.
Rare. a name derived from that of a son.
1. the creation or use of pet names, as Dick for Richard.
2. a pet name.
3. baby talk. hypocoristic, adj.
a rhetorical or stylistic device in which one thing is named or referred to by the name of another, related thing; for example, the use of White House in referring to the presidential administration. metonym, n. metonymous, metonymie, metonymical, adj.
metronymic, matronymic
a name derived from a mother or a female ancestor. Cf. patronymic .
1. a system of names used in the classification of an art or science or other field or subject.
2. a naming system peculiar to a social group. See also 53. BOOKS ; 83. CLASSIFICATION ; 236. LANGUAGE ; 290. NATURE .
onomancy, onomomancy
a form of divination involving the letters of a name. Also called nomancy .
a dictionary of proper names. onomastic, adj.
onomatology. onomastician, n. onomastic, adj.
the science or study of the origin and forms of proper names. Also called onomastics. onomatologist, n. onomatological, adj.
a preoccupation with words or names.
an abnormal fear of a certain name or word.
Biology. a technical name, as one that forms part of a system of nomenclature or classification.
the application of onyms; classification or systematic nomenclature.
the nomenclature of organs. organonymal. organonymic, adj.
a name derived from ones child.
Rare. the tracing of the origins of personal names.
a name derived from a father or paternal ancestor. Cf. metronymic .
the simultaneous use of several names or synonyms for one thing.
the use of various names for one thing. polyonymous, adj.
a nom de plume or fictitious name, especially one used by an author to conceal his identity. Cf. allonymy. pseudonymous, adj.
sobriquet, soubriquet
a nickname.
a botanical or zoological name in which two terms are combined, the generic name and the specific, with both being the same. (a practice no longer approved by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature.)
1. a place name.
2. a personal name derived from a place name.
1. the study of the place names of a district.
2. Anatomy. the nomenclature of the regions of the body. toponymie, toponymical, adj.
the use of three terms or names in the classification of a species, genus, variety, etc. trinomial, n., adj.
a trinomial or name composed of three terms.
Rare. a universal system of nomenclature or classification.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Names." -Ologies and -Isms. . 16 Mar. 2018 <>.

"Names." -Ologies and -Isms. . (March 16, 2018).

"Names." -Ologies and -Isms. . Retrieved March 16, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.