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1. Building for the storage of ice collected during the winter for use in summer, usually wholly or partly underground, often of two walls insulated with sawdust or other material, fitted with a drain at the base, and frequently of circular vaulted form. They were not uncommon on larger estates in C18 and C19, often with fabriques on top. An advanced design by J. B. Papworth was published in his Rural Residences (1818). They were sometimes found in the basements of townhouses (e.g. C16 Antwerp).

2. Eskimo igloo (iglugeak), a circular domed or pseudo-domed structure built of ice, often of complex plan, usually with a barrel-vaulted entrance-tunnel of ice.


Nicholson (1835);
W. Papworth (1852);
Placzek (ed.) Muthesius