Skip to main content

Holabird & Roche

Holabird & Roche. American architects. William Holabird (1854–1923) settled in Chicago where he worked in William le Baron Jenney's office in 1875 before setting up in practice with Ossian C. Simonds (1857–1931) in 1880, joined the following year by Martin Roche (1853–1927). In 1886 the firm was commissioned to design the 12-storey Tacoma Building (completed 1889—demolished 1929), with a structure of cast-iron columns and wrought-iron beams as well as brickwork and concrete and steel, the whole clad in terracotta and glass. This established a skeletal structure for sky-scrapers and the Chicago School style. The firm's numerous office-buildings in Chicago had external walls employing the Chicago window, continuous piers, recessed panels, and terracotta ornament. A good example is the Marquette Building (1894–5), economically planned, and highly efficient. Other works included the Cable Building (1898–9—demolished 1961), the Republic Building (1904–5—demolished 1961), the Brooks Building (1909–10), and the McClurg Building (1899–1900), which anticipated the design of later skyscrapers.

Bibliography

Blaser (1992);
Bruegmann (1991, 1997);
Condit (1964, 1973);
Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, xviii/4 (Dec. 1959), 126–39;
Mujica (1929);
Jane Turner (1996);
Zukowsky (ed.) (1987, 1993)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Holabird & Roche." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Holabird & Roche." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 18, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/holabird-roche

"Holabird & Roche." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved December 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/holabird-roche

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.