Skip to main content


159. Films

See also 315. PHOTOGRAPHY .

special effects, extras, and the like used in order to establish an intended background or mood for a film.
1. a film projector of the early 20th century.
2. British. a motion-picture theater.
the art or principles of making motion pictures.
the art or technique of motion-picture photography. cinematographer , cinematographist , n. cinematographic , adj.
language typical of the cinema, as that used in film dialogue or in film criticism.
avid moviegoing. cinephile , n., adj.
kinematograph, kinetograph
a motion-picture camera.
an early name for a cinema, so called because of the five-cent admission charge. See also 284. MUSIC .
an instrument that represents the effect of moving images on a screen.
the writer of scenarios, story lines for motion pictures.
a type of kinescope that presents the effect of moving pictures by use of a rotating glass plate with images attached to it.
an early form of motion-picture projector.
an early form of motion-picture projector.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Films." -Ologies and -Isms. . 16 Mar. 2018 <>.

"Films." -Ologies and -Isms. . (March 16, 2018).

"Films." -Ologies and -Isms. . Retrieved March 16, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.