eicosanoids Compounds formed in the body from long‐chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (eicosenoic acids), including the prostaglandins, prostacyclins, thromboxanes, and leukotrienes, all of which act as local hormones and are involved in inflammation, platelet aggregation, and a variety of other functions.
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Unsaturated Fatty Acids , polyunsaturated fatty acids Long‐chain fatty acids containing two or more double bonds, separated by methylene bridges: —CH2—CH=CH—CH2—CH=CH—CH2—. un… Carboxylic Acid , Carboxylic acids are chemical compounds that contain a carboxyl group , which is -COOH. The carboxyl group is attached to another hydrogen atom or to… Arachidonic Acid , arachidonic acid A polyunsaturated fatty acid, CH3(CH2)3(CH2CH:CH)4(CH2)3COOH, that is essential for growth in mammals (see eicosanoid). It can be sy… Aspartic Acid , aspartic acid (aspartate) (ă-spar-tik) n. see amino acid. aspartic acid (aspartate) A non‐essential amino acid. aspartic acid An aliphatic, acidic, p… Amino Acid , Amino acids are organic compounds made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and (in some cases) sulfur bonded in characteristic formations. Strings… Lipoic Acid , lipoic acid Chemically, dithio‐octanoic acid, a coenzyme (together with vitamin B1) in the metabolism of pyruvate and in the citric acid cycle. Altho…
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