Skip to main content

Cumberland, Frederic William

Cumberland, Frederic William (1820–81). Canadian architect, one of the most accomplished Gothic Revivalists working in Canada. He designed St James's Cathedral, Toronto (1852–3), in the Gothic style, working in partnership with William G. Storm (1826–92) during the construction of the church. With Storm he also designed University College, University of Toronto (1856), a demonstration of Ruskinian principles of design that is arguably a superior composition to Deane & Woodward's University Museum, Oxford. The Toronto building has central and corner towers, and is a fine example of the High Victorian Picturesque manner.

Bibliography

Kalman (1994);
Jane Turner (1996)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Cumberland, Frederic William." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Cumberland, Frederic William." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/cumberland-frederic-william

"Cumberland, Frederic William." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved October 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/cumberland-frederic-william

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.