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Zurich–Montpellier school of phytosociology

Zurich–Montpellier school of phytosociology(Montpellier school of phytosociology) A group led by J.Braun-Blanquet and his associates, who developed a set of floristic methods for vegetation classification (in 1927 and later) at Zurich and Montpellier. These have been widely adopted in continental Europe although they are less accepted elsewhere. The aim was to provide a framework for the classification of the vegetation of the world, but in practice the scheme is most useful in regional and national surveys. The approach depends on detailed field surveying to identify vegetation associations, which can then be grouped hierarchically into alliances, orders, classes, etc., with the vegetation circle (global scale) being the most complex hierarchical level. Suffixes added to the genitive stem of the generic names of the plants label the communities so identified and indicate the hierarchical status of the community:

rank

ending

class

-etea

order

-etalia

alliance

-ion

association

-etum

sub-association

-etosum

variant

(specific name used)

An extensive ecological literature discusses the system and introduces many modifications. The most often quoted objections relate to the use of homogeneous stands only in the description of vegetation; the concept of minimal area as it is used to define homogeneity; and in particular to the use of fidelity, and the associated problem of defining faithful species in order to characterize the associations. Compare Uppsala school.

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Zurich–Montpellier school of phytosociology

Zurich–Montpellier school of phytosociology (Montpellier school of phytosociology) A group led by J. Braun-Blanquet and his associates, who developed a set of floristic methods for vegetation classification (in 1927 and later) at Zurich and Montpellier. These have been widely adopted in Europe although they are less accepted elsewhere. The aim was to provide a framework for the classification of the vegetation of the world, but in practice the scheme is most useful in regional and national surveys. The approach depends on detailed field surveying to identify vegetation associations, which can then be grouped hierarchically into alliances, orders, classes, etc., with the vegetation circle (global scale) being the most complex hierarchical level. Suffixes added to the genitive stem of the generic names of the plants label the communities so identified and indicate the hierarchical status of the community:

RANK

ENDING

class

-etea

order

-etalia

alliance

-ion

association

-etum

sub-association

-etosum

variant

(specific name used)

An extensive ecological literature discusses the system and introduces many modifications. The most often quoted objections relate to the use of homogeneous stands only in the description of vegetation; the concept of minimal area as it is used to define homogeneity; and in particular to the use of fidelity, and the associated problem of defining faithful species in order to characterize the associations. Compare UPPSALA SCHOOL.

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"Zurich–Montpellier school of phytosociology." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Feb. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Zurich–Montpellier school of phytosociology." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/zurich-montpellier-school-phytosociology

"Zurich–Montpellier school of phytosociology." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Retrieved February 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/zurich-montpellier-school-phytosociology

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Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.