type specimen

All Sources -
Updated Media sources (1) About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic Share Topic
views updated

type specimen(holotype) An individual plant or animal chosen by taxonomists to serve as the basis for naming and describing a new species or variety. Compare lectotype; neotype; paratype; and syntype.

views updated

type specimen The specimen used for naming and describing a species or subspecies. If this is the original specimen collected by the author who named the species it is termed a holotype. The type specimen is not necessarily the most characteristic representative of the species. The term type is also applied to any taxon selected as being representative of the rank to which it belongs. For example, the genus Solanum (potato) is said to be the type genus of the family Solanaceae.

views updated

type specimen (holotype) An individual plant or animal chosen by taxonomists to serve as the basis for naming and describing a new species or variety. Compare LECTOTYPE and SYNTYPE.

views updated

type specimen (holotype) In taxonomy, the individual animal that is chosen to serve as the basis for naming and describing a new species or variety. compare LECTOTYPE; SYNTYPE.

views updated

type specimen See HOLOTYPE.