leucotomy (loo-kot-ŏmi) n. the surgical operation of interrupting the pathways of white nerve fibres within the brain: it involves stereotaxy to make selective lesions in small areas of the brain. The operation is occasionally used for intractable pain, severe depression, obsessional neurosis, and chronic anxiety. prefrontal l. (lobotomy) the original form of the operation, which involved cutting through the nerve fibres connecting the frontal lobe with the thalamus and the association fibres of the frontal lobe; it has now been abandoned.
More From encyclopedia.com
Brain , The brain is a mass of nerve tissue located in an animal’s head that controls the body’s functions. In simple animals, the brain functions like a swi… Brain Stem , brain stem The brain within the skull and the spinal cord within the vertebral column constitute the central nervous system. The cerebral hemispheres… Congenital Brain Defects , Congenital brain defects Definition Congenital brain defects are a group of disorders of brain development that are present at birth. Description Bra… Hydrocephalus , Hydrocephalus, which means literally, "water on the brain," is a condition in which excessive fluid collects inside the skull. The fluid is a natural… Brain Tumor , Definition A brain tumor is an abnormal growth of tissue, either malignant (cancerous) or benign (noncancerous), in the brain. Each year, more than 1… Electrical Stimulation Of The Brain , Electrical Stimulation of the Brain Definition Electrical stimulation of the brain (ESB) is a relatively new technique used to treat chronic pain and…
About this article
Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article
You Might Also Like