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colposuspension (kol-poh-su-spen-shŏn) n. a surgical procedure for treating stress incontinence in women in which the upper part of the vaginal wall is fixed to the anterior abdominal wall by unabsorbable suture material. Performed through an abdominal incision (Burch c.) or using a laparoscope (laparoscopic c.), this operation has now been largely replaced by less invasive sling procedures.