Biochemical reference values for urine

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Biochemical reference values for urine

Determination

Reference range

Aldosterone

10–50 nmol/24 h

Albumin

<80 mg/24 h

α-Aminolaevulinic acid

9.9– 53.4 μmol/24 h

Amylase

 secretion rate

1–17 somogyi U/h

 Clearance

0.01–0.04 of creatinine clearance value

Arginine

1.3–6.5 μmol/mol creat

Ascorbic acid

34–68 μmol/l

Calcium

2.5–7.5 mmol/24 h

Catecholamines

<2.6 μmol/24 h

Chloride

110–250 mmol/24 h

Copper

0.47–0.55 μmol/l

Cortisol

60–1500 nmol/l

<280 nmol/24 h

Creatinine

 male

9.0–17.0 mmol/24 h

 female

7.5–12.5 mmol/24 h

 pregnancy

8.0–13.5 mmol/24 h

Glucose

0.06–0.84 mmol/l

Homovanillic acid (HVA) –adults

<43 μmol/24 h

Hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5- HIAA)

16–73 μmol/24 h

Hydroxymethylmandelic acid (HMMA)

16– 48 μmol/24 h

Iron

<1.8 μmol/24 h

Lead

<0.4 μmol/l

β2- Microglobulin

4–370 μg/l

Magnesium

3.3–4.9 mmol/24 h

Osmolality

350–1000 mosm/kg

Oxalate

<450 μmol/24 h

Phosphate (inorganic)

15–50 mmol/24 h

Porphyrins

 coproporphyrin

50–350 nmol/24 h

 porphobilinogen

0.9–8.8 μmol/24 h

 uroporphyrin

0–49 nmol/24 h

Potassium

20–60 mmol/l

40–120 mmol/24 h

Protein

<120 mg/24 h

 pregnancy

<300 mg/24 h

Sodium

50–125 mmol/l

100–250 mmol/24 h

Urea

250–500 mmol/24 h

Uric acid

<5.0 mmol/24 h

 pregnancy (except late)

<7.0 mmol/24 h

Urobilinogen

<6.7 μmol/24 h

Vanillylmandelic acid (VMA)

<35 μmol/24 h

Zinc

2.1–11.0 μmol/24 h


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Biochemical reference values for urine

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