Born 1909, Indianapolis, Indiana
Daughter of Chester E. and Fay Knight Young
Marguerite Young was raised from early childhood by her maternal grandmother. She attended Indiana and Butler Universities (B.A. in English and French, 1930) and the University of Chicago (M.A., 1936). Working her way through graduate school, she read the works of Shakespeare aloud to a prominent woman who was bedfast due to opium addiction. From this experience, Young gained an insight into life and an understanding of the psychology of opium and dreams. Later, while studying at the University of Iowa, she became interested in the philosophies of Locke, Berkeley, Hume, and William James. She has taught creative writing at many universities, and after 1943 lived in New York City.
Young has published well-received poetry, Prismatic Ground (1937) and Moderate Fable (1945), both concerned with the fabulous and the illusory. The first deals especially with the hidden recesses of the mind, as in "The Dark Wood." In "Slow Motion," from the second volume, she makes use of an image of timelessness as fixed motion: "The heart is that camera of a slow motion."
Even in her reviews (such as "Fictions Mystical and Epical," Kenyon Review, Winter 1945, about Katherine Anne Porter's The Leaning Tower and Virginia Woolf's A Haunted House), she is most concerned with apparitions, ghosts, and the evanes-cent. Her style reflects her interest in what is obscure, in the fantastic and supernatural, "the certitude of the permanent possibility of sensation, which is the one reality."
Young is obsessed with utopian quests. Angel in the Forest: A Fairy Tale of Two Utopias (1945) is a poetic and fairly successful history of the Rappist and Owenite societies of New Harmony, Indiana. Miss MacIntosh, My Darling (1963, reissued and recorded in 1983) is an epic novel of illusion and reality. The heroine, Vera Cartwheel, journeys in search of reality as personi-fied by her old Scotch Presbyterian nursemaid, Miss MacIntosh. Other characters—such as her mother, an opium addict—repre-sent illusion. The novel concludes with Vera accepting ambivalence as a reality of life and marrying a stone-deaf man. Replete with detail, endless digressions, mythical legends, and arcane symbols, Miss MacIntosh, My Darling, even more than Young's other works, calls for suspended judgement on the part of an uncommon reader. If Young's style is obscure, it is an obscurity well matched with her subject matter and based on her extensive knowledge of a long history of symbolism, particularly of Elizabethan and Jacobean symbols.
Below the City (1975). Pacific Transport (1976). Leaves, Leaves (1989). Marguerite Young: The Collected Poems (1990). Nothing But the Truth (1993). Inviting the Muses: Stories, Essays, Reviews (1994). Harp Song for a Radical: The Life and Times of Eugene Victor Debbs (1999).
Etlin, M. E., "'Bee Bak in a Whale': The Matriarchal Vision of Marguerite Young's Miss MacIntosh, My Darling " (thesis 1983). Fuchs, M., ed., Marguerite Young, Our Darling: Tributes and Essays (1994). Newquist, R., Conversations (1967). Ruas, C., Conversations with American Writers (1985). Staley, R. E., No Landscape but the Soul's: A Critical Study of the Work of Marguerite Young (dissertation 1993).
CA (1975). World Authors, 1950-1970 (1975).
Book Forum (1977). Book World (Aug. 1994). Cimarron Review (Jan. 1995). Marguerite Young Interview With Kay Bonetti (audiocassette, 1983). Paris Review (1977). Review of Contemporary Fiction (1989).
"Young, Marguerite." American Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide from Colonial Times to the Present. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/young-marguerite
"Young, Marguerite." American Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide from Colonial Times to the Present. . Retrieved October 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/young-marguerite
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.