Smilansky, Moshe 1874-1953 (Havagah Musah)
SMILANSKY, Moshe 1874-1953 (Havagah Musah)
PERSONAL: Born 1874, in Russia; died October 6, 1953, in Tel Aviv, Israel.
CAREER: Writer, labor leader, activist, and orchard owner.
Be-tsel ha-pardesim, ]Tel Aviv, Israel[, 1900.
Toldot ahavah ahat: sipur, Sifrut, (Warsaw, Poland), 1911.
Me-haye ha-'Arvim (juvenile), Devir (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1925.
'Al hof ha-yarkon: sipur (juvenile), ]Tel Aviv, Israel[, 1936, reprinted, 1966.
Bi-sedot Ukrainah: sipur, Masadah (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1944.
Ba-'aravah: sipur, Masadah (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1946, reprinted, 1970.
Ba-har uba-gai: sipurim hadashim, Shoken (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1948.
Ben karme yehudah: sipur, 1948, Masadah (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1953.
Haverim (title means "Friends"), adapted by Benjamin Kimche, illustrated by Israel Fidler, Jewish Education Committee Press (New York, NY), 1949.
Shemesh avia, sipurim, Devir (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1952.
Tekumah ve-sho'ah: sipur, Masadah (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1952.
Hevle ledah, Masadah (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1953.
'Im peridah: sipurim rishonim va-aharonim, N. Tverski (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1955.
Sipure ahavah, Ketsin hinukh rashi, 'Anaf ha-haskalah be-emtsa'ut Misrad ha-bitahon (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1965.
under pseudonym havagah musah
Bene-'Arav (short stories; title means "Children of Israel"), Bi-defus N. Hayilperin (Odessa, Ukraine), 1911, reprinted, introduction by Galiyah Yardeni, illustrated by Ales V. Volf, ha-Mahlakah le-hinukh ule-tarbut ba-golah shel ha-Histadrut ha-Tsiyonit ha-'olamit (Jerusalem, Israel), 1981.
British Land Edit for Palestine Exposed, Jewish National Fund of America (New York, NY), 1900, reprinted, 1940.
Jewish Colonization and the Fellah, Mischar w'Taasia Pub. Co. (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1900.
Sipurim me-haye ha-yishuv be-Erets Yisral'el, Hotsa'at Yavneh (Jerusalem, Israel), 1924.
Tovah: mi-toldo na'arah umalah ahat, (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1926.
Ha-Hityashvut ha-haklait, Hashahar (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1927.
Zikhronot (biography), Defus A. Etan ve-S. Shoshani (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1928, reprinted, 1947.
Rehovot, Hotsa'at Omanut (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1929.
Ha-Hityashvut ha-'Ivrit veha-falah: hashpa'at hahityashvut ha-'Ivrit be-Erets Yisra'el matsav hakefarim ha-'Arviyim ve-'al hitkadmut ha-hakla'ut be-Erets Yisra'el . . . , Hotsa'at mishar ve ta'asiyah (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1929.
Haderah, Omanut (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1930, reprinted, Misrad ha-bitahon, ha-Hotsa'ah le-or (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1980, English translation by Lotta Levensohn published as Hadera, Omanuth (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1935.
Kitve, Hitahdut ha-ikarim be-Erets Yisra'el (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1934.
(With A. 'Okshi) Sipure saba, 'Am 'oved (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1936.
Perakim be-toldot ha-Yishuv, Devir (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1939, reprinted, 1978.
Ha-Yishuv ha-'Ivri, (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1941.
Birkat ha-adamah, Hotsa'at ha-lishkah ha-rashit shel ha-Keren ha-Kayemet (Jerusalem, Israel), 1941.
(With Shiomo Zemach) Bi-yeme elem.: sheloshah ma'ararim 'im hakdamah me'et M. Buber, Ihud (Jerusalem, Israel), 1942.
Mishpahat ha-adamah, nerot-nashamah, 'Am 'oved (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1942.
Maslul ha-ge'ulah, ha-Keren ha-Kayemet le-Yisra'el (Jerusalem, Israel), 1943.
Sipur ge'ulat ha-adamah ba-Arets mi-pi 'ed re'iyah, ha-Lishkah ha-rashit shel ha-Keren ha-kayemet le-Yisra'el (Jerusalem, Israel), 1944.
La Voie de la Libération, (Paris, France), 1945.
Yehoshua'a Hankin, ha-Keren ha-Kayemet le-Yisra'el (Jerusalem, Israel), 1945.
(With Martin Buber and Judah Leon Magnes) Palestine, a Bi-National State, Ihud (New York, NY), 1946.
Unknown Pioneers, introduction by Israel Schen, [Tel Aviv, Israel], 1947.
Ben karme yehudah, [Tel Aviv, Israel], 1948.
Sipure ha-yishuv, Devir (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1948.
Avner un andere Erets-Yisroeldike dertseylungen (Yiddish), Merkaz Dror in Daytshland (Minkhen), 1948.
Nasi rishon be-Yisra'el, Misrad ha-hinukh veha-tarbut, Agaf ha-hinukh (Jerusalem, Israel), 1948.
Go'ale ha-karka, ha-Lishkah ha-roshit shel he-Keren ha-kayemet le-Yisra'el (Jerusalem, Israel), 1948.
Rehovot: shishim shenot hayeha 650-710, ha'Mo'atsah ha-mekomit le-yad, Devir (Tel Aviv, Israel), 1950.
Hevrat Hakhsharat ha-yishuv, [Jerusalem, Israel], 1952.
Mi-shut ba-arets, [Tel Aviv, Israel], 1953.
Nes-Tsiyonah: shiv'im shenot hayeha 643-713, 1883-1953, ha-Mo'atsah ha-mekomit (Nes Tsiyonah, Israel), 1953.
Nihul sihot ve-diyunim, Misrad ha-hinukh veha-tarbut, ha-Mahlakah la-no'ar: Mosad Sold le-ma'an hayeled veha-no'ar (Jerusalem, Israel), 1959.
(With Moses Eskolsky and Eichanan Indelman) Hu ahav et ha-Yarden (juvenile; title means "He Loved the Jordan"), Hotsa'at Lador (New York, NY), 1962.
Children of Arabia, edited by Chaim Rabin, rendered in easy Hebrew by Galia Yardeni, World Zionist Organization (Jerusalem, Israel), 1963.
Author of numerous articles concerning the Jewish community and state. Author's works have been translated in several languages, including German, Spanish, French, and English.
SIDELIGHTS: Moshe Smilansky was a Hebrew writer who emigrated from the Ukraine to Palestine in 1890. He was also a prosperous orchard owner and political activist who was a member of the Palestine Jewish Farmers League and who helped to organize Ihud, a movement that favored a Jewish-Arab society governed by a binational state in Palestine headed by both peoples. Smilansky began by publishing articles about the Eretz Israel. In 1906, he went to Europe to recover from an illness and, in the process, wrote his first book about the Arabs. Smilansky's fiction often focused on life in the early Eretz Jewish settlements of the 1900s. Under the pen name of Havagah Musah, Smilansky wrote about the legends and the romantic life of the Arabs. Although he favored the binational state and often wrote about Arab life, Smilansky was also a harsh critic of the Arabs and once called them "a semi-savage people."
BIOGRAPHICAL AND CRITICAL SOURCES:
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences, October, 2000, Yaron Peleg, "Reinterpreting the East: Orientalism in Hebrew Literature, 1890-1930," pp. 1432-1433.
http://Palestine Remembered.com,http://www.palestineremembered.com/ (March 4, 2002).*