Robinson, Ray 1971-
Robinson, Ray 1971-
Born 1971, in England. Education: Lancaster University, M.A., 1999, Ph.D., 2006.
Electricity, Picador (London, England), 2006, Black Cat (New York, NY), 2007.
The Man Without, Picador (London, England), 2008.
Ray Robinson first became interested in writing as a child, when his fascination was poetry. His family did not put an emphasis on books and reading, however, and so it was not until many years later that he became interested in reading novels. However, he was always interested in storytelling as an art form, even in an informal way. At sixteen years old, he wrote what he considered his first novel, scrawling it across paper he used to line two walls of his room. In his late twenties, having finished school and traveled for a time, he ended up attending Lancaster University, aware that he wanted more formal training. It was there that he began to learn the mechanics of fiction, such as point of view and characterization, and he earned his master's degree with an emphasis in creative writing in 1999. His first novel, Electricity, grew out of a short story that he wrote while at Lancaster.
Electricity is the story of Lily O'Connor, a thirty-year-old woman who has suffered from temporal lobe epilepsy since she was a child, brought on by an incident in which her mother threw her down the stairs and which resulted in her mother losing custody of Lily. At the beginning of the book, Lily's mother has died, and Lily takes advantage of this fact to look up her two brothers. While she finds Barry, she learns swiftly enough that they have nothing in common. However, she is unable to locate her favorite brother, Mikey, who has apparently been missing for several years. At loose ends, Lily wanders London, meeting a series of people, most of whom are intriguing characters, but none of whom provide her with any real connection. On man, Dave, an electrician, becomes her lover, but it is an unhealthy, abusive relationship reminiscent of scenes from Lily's childhood. A contributor for Kirkus Reviews remarked that "Lily's voice is impressive—raw, angry, emotionally urgent, rising frequently to inchoate poetry … and the mixed pleasure of inhabiting her jagged psyche is the best reason for reading this daring tightrope-walk of a novel." New Statesman reviewer David Annand observed that "it is the steady and unfussy manner in which Robinson expands on the metaphorical possibilities of epilepsy that convinces the reader of the artistry of Electricity." He went on to conclude that "Lily's battle with her condition becomes emblematic of every battle against circumstance, as does her dogged refusal to be defined by it."
BIOGRAPHICAL AND CRITICAL SOURCES:
Kirkus Reviews, July 1, 2007, review of Electricity.
Library Journal, March 1, 2007, Leslie Patterson, review of Electricity, p. 77.
New Statesman, April 17, 2006, David Annand, "Shaking Things Up," p. 55.
Times Literary Supplement, April 7, 2006, "Sparks of Life," p. 23.
Author Trek,http://www.authortrek.com/ (May 27, 2008), author profile.
Guardian Online,http://books.guardian.co.uk/ (March 25, 2006), Catherine Taylor, "Fits and Starts."
Independent Online,http://www.independent.co.uk/ (April 2, 2006), Hermione Eyre, review of Electricity.
Lancaster University Web site,http://www.lancs.ac.uk/ (May 27, 2008), "Former Lancaster Ph.D. Student in the Running for Oldest Literary Prize."
National Society of Epilepsy Web site,http://www.epilepsynse.org.uk/ (July 1, 2006), review of Electricity.
PanMacmillan Web site,http://www.panmacmillan.com/ (May 27, 2008), author interview.
"Robinson, Ray 1971-." Contemporary Authors. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 16, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/robinson-ray-1971
"Robinson, Ray 1971-." Contemporary Authors. . Retrieved November 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/robinson-ray-1971
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.