Skip to main content

Manuel, Frank Edward 1910-2003

MANUEL, Frank Edward 1910-2003

OBITUARY NOTICE—See index for CA sketch: Born September 12, 1910, in Boston, MA; died April 23, 2003, in Boston, MA. Historian, educator, and author. Manuel considered himself an intellectual historian, and was best known for his books about philosophy and utopian ideals. Educated at Harvard University, where he earned his Ph.D. in 1933, he also studied at the École des Hautes Études Politiques et Sociales in Paris. Returning to Harvard, he was a member of the history department staff before World War II. During the war he was an intelligence officer and French interpreter; a wartime accident cost him a leg that had to be amputated. He later wrote about his war experiences in his 2000 memoir, Scenes from the End: The Last Days of World War II in Europe. After working for the National Defense Commission and the Office of Price Administration as a researcher and administrator, Manuel resumed his career in academia at what is now Case Western University. From 1949 to 1965 he was professor of history and moral psychology at Brandeis University. He then taught at New York University for eleven years before returning to Brandeis in 1977, retiring as professor emeritus in 1986. Manuel was fascinated by the history of ideas, and one of his best-known works is Utopian Thought in the Western World (1979), cowritten with his wife, which won the American Book Award. He also wrote three books about Isaac Newton, and other works about philosophy, religion, and science, including The Age of Reason (1951), Shapes of Philosophical History (1965), The Changing of the Gods (1983), and A Requiem for Karl Marx (1995). Furthermore, Manuel was the editor of such books as Utopias and Utopian Thought (1966) and French Utopias: An Anthology of Ideal Societies (1966), which he also translated.



Boston Globe, April 24, 2003, p. C16.

New York Times, May 4, 2003, p. A35.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Manuel, Frank Edward 1910-2003." Contemporary Authors. . 25 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Manuel, Frank Edward 1910-2003." Contemporary Authors. . (April 25, 2019).

"Manuel, Frank Edward 1910-2003." Contemporary Authors. . Retrieved April 25, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.