Skip to main content

Maddox, Conroy (Ronald) 1912-2005

MADDOX, Conroy (Ronald) 1912-2005

OBITUARY NOTICE— See index for CA sketch: Born December 27, 1912, in Ledbury, Herefordshire, England; died January 14, 2005, in London, England. Artist and author. Maddox was a prominent surrealist painter. He attended Oxford University in 1929, but the Great Depression forced him to move his young family to Chipping Norton, where he managed a hotel. Interested in art since he was a boy, he painted landscapes whenever he was not working. During the early 1930s he went on to work various other jobs, including as a clerk, a laboratory assistant, and a designer of trade show exhibits. In the late 1930s, Maddox discovered surrealism, and this led him to completely change his art. He traveled to Paris several times to work with fellow Surrealist artists such as Salvador Dali, but such trips ended when Germany invaded France at the start of World War II. For the duration, he worked for the company Turner Brothers in Birmingham, England, while also organizing Surrealist exhibitions. During the war Maddox emerged as a controversial artist whose pieces sometimes deliberately shocked audiences with their suggestions of unsavory violence or eroticism. After the war, Maddox, who considered surrealism an outward expression of intellectual freedom, lectured at the University of Birmingham until 1957. He also was co-organizer of the Exeter Surrealist Festival. Although in the 1950s and 1960s Maddox's art showed some influence from the pop art school, by the 1970s he had rededicated himself to surrealism. He published several books, in addition to his prodigious output of paintings, including Dali (1979), The Surrealist Movement in England (1981), and Conroy Maddox: Surreal Enigmas (1995).



Guardian (London, England), January 19, 2005, p. 27.

Independent (London, England), January 15, 2005, p. 56.

Times (London, England), January 17, 2005, p. 50.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Maddox, Conroy (Ronald) 1912-2005." Contemporary Authors. . 20 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Maddox, Conroy (Ronald) 1912-2005." Contemporary Authors. . (January 20, 2019).

"Maddox, Conroy (Ronald) 1912-2005." Contemporary Authors. . Retrieved January 20, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.