Hyman, Paula (E.) 1946-
HYMAN, Paula (E.) 1946-
PERSONAL: Born September 30, 1946, in Boston, MA; daughter of Sydney M. (an accountant) and Ida (a bookkeeper; maiden name, Tatelman) Hyman; married Stanley Rosenbaum (a physician), June 7, 1969; children: Judith, Adina. Education: Hebrew College of Boston, B.J.Ed., 1966; Radcliffe College, B.A., 1968; Columbia University, M.A., 1970, Ph.D., 1975. Religion: Jewish.
CAREER: Columbia University, New York, NY, assistant professor of history, beginning 1974; Jewish Theological Seminary of America, former dean of the Seminary College of Jewish Studies; Yale University, New Haven, CT, currently Lucy Moses Professor of Modern Jewish History and chairperson of the Judaic Studies Program. Member of advisory committee for the Women's Studies in Religion program, Harvard Divinity School. Member of board of directors of Leo Baeck Institute, beginning 1979; member of American Jewish Congress Commission on Youth and Culture.
MEMBER: American Historical Association, American Association for Jewish Research (vice president), National Foundation for Jewish Culture (chairperson of the academic council), Ezrat Nashim (founding member), Association for Jewish Studies (member of board of directors, 1978—), Coordinating Committee on Women in the Historical Profession.
AWARDS, HONORS: National Endowment for the Humanities grant, 1977; American Council of Learned Societies fellowship, 1979; Dartmouth Medal, American Library Association, Association of Jewish Libraries Award, New York Public Library Award, and the National Jewish Book Award in Women's Studies, all 1997, all for Jewish Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia; Akiba Award, American Jewish Committee, 1999; honorary degree, Jewish Theological Seminary, 2000, Hebrew Union College, 2002.
(With Charlotte Baum and Sonya Michel) The Jewish Woman in America, Dial (New York, NY), 1976.
From Dreyfus to Vichy, Columbia University Press (New York, NY), 1979.
(Editor, with Steven M. Cohen) The Jewish Family: Myths and Reality, Holmes & Meier (New York, NY), 1986.
The Emancipation of the Jews of Alsace: Acculturation and Tradition in the Nineteenth Century, Yale University Press (New Haven, CT), 1991.
Gender and Assimilation in Modern Jewish History: The Roles and Representation of Women, University of Washington Press (Seattle, WA), 1995.
(Editor, with Deborah Dash Moore) Jewish Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia, Routledge (New York, NY), 1997.
The Jews of Modern France, University of California Press (Berkeley, CA), 1998.
(Editor and author of introduction) Puah Rakovska, My Life As a Radical Jewish Woman: Memoirs of a Zionist Feminist in Poland, Indiana University Press (Bloomington, IN), 2001.
Contributor to Jewish studies and feminist journals, including Ms.
SIDELIGHTS: Paula Hyman is "a distinguished historian of the modern Jewish experience," according to Hasia R. Diner in Lilith: The Independent Jewish Women's Magazine. Among Hyman's books are Jewish Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia and The Jews of Modern France.
Jewish Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia, edited by Hyman and Deborah Dash Moore, is a 1,700-page "magnificently massive treasure," as Phyllis Chesler wrote in Tikkun. The two-volume set contains some 800 biographies of Jewish-American women who lived from 1654, when the first Jewish woman arrived in America, until the present day. Also included are over 100 topical essays on a host of subjects related to Jewish cultural history, including education, politics, and the arts. Mary F. Salony in Library Journal called Jewish Women in America "an excellent biographical source." Diner found the work's "quantity and quality of information [to be], seemingly, comprehensive" and concluded that the encyclopedia was "a formidable accomplishment."
The Jews of Modern France is a "concise study of French Jews since the Great Revolution of 1789," wrote Irwin Wall in Judaism: A Quarterly Journal of Jewish Life and Thought. Hyman especially chronicles the efforts of the French-Jewish community to enjoy the advantages of emancipation and legal tolerance while not losing their traditional culture through assimilation with the larger Christian society. The particulars of French history, including the country's ingrained anti-Semitism and its experience of the Holocaust and Nazi collaboration, makes the story of French Jewry fundamentally different from that of other countries, although it shares some of the same concerns and recurring problems. Elliott Abrams, writing in First Things: A Monthly Journal of Religion and Public Life, described The Jews of Modern France as "an examination of the struggle to achieve a sustainable Jewish identity in a culture both similar to and different from our own." David A. Bell in the New Republic found Hyman's book to be an "excellent general history of modern French Jewry."
BIOGRAPHICAL AND CRITICAL SOURCES:
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, March, 1981, David L. Schalk, review of From Dreyfus to Vichy, p. 221.
First Things: A Monthly Journal of Religion and Public Life, April, 1999, Elliott Abrams, review of The Jews of Modern France, p. 68.
Historian, autumn, 1992, Albert S. Lindemann, review of The Emancipation of the Jews of Alsace: Acculturation and Tradition in the Nineteenth Century, p. 127.
History Today, October, 1980, Robert Anderson, review of From Dreyfus to Vichy, p. 61.
Journal of Modern History, June, 1993, p. 393.
Judaism: A Quarterly Journal of Jewish Life and Thought, winter, 2001, Irwin Wall, review of The Jews of Modern France, p. 117.
Library Journal, February 1, 1998, Mary F. Salony, review of Jewish Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia, p. 76.
Lilith: The Independent Jewish Women's Magazine, July 1, 1997, Hasia R. Diner, review of Gender and Assimilation in Modern Jewish History: The Roles and Representation of Women.
New Leader, June 2, 1980, David Singer, review of From Dreyfus to Vichy, p. 18.
New Republic, February 28, 2000, David A. Bell, "The Ordeal of Legitimacy: The Fitful History of French Jewry," p. 37.
Tikkun, May-June, 1998, Phyllis Chesler, review of Jewish Women in America, p. 72.