Skip to main content

Charlier, Jean-Michel 1924–1989

Charlier, Jean-Michel 1924–1989

PERSONAL: Born October 30, 1924, in Liège, Belgium; died October 7, 1989. Education: Attended the University of Liège Law School.

CAREER: Comic-book writer and illustrator. Worked as a pilot for Sabena Airlines; Spirou (magazine), illustrator, 1940s; Pistolin (magazine), editor-in-chief, 1955–58; Pilote (comic weekly), coeditor, 1959.

WRITINGS:

Chihuahua Pearl, illustrated by Jean Giraud, Epic Comics (New York, NY), 1989.

Young Blueberry: Blueberry's Secret, illustrated by Jean Giraud, Comcat Comics (New York, NY), 1989.

(With Jean Giraud, under name Moebius) Marshal Blueberry, translated by Jean-Marc L'Officier and Randy Lofficier, Epic Comics (New York, NY), 1991.

(With Jean Giraud, under name Moebius) Lieutenant Blueberry, translated by Jean-Marc L'Officier and Randy Lofficier, Epic Comics (New York, NY), 1991.

Author of novels; creator of comic strips and comic books, including (with illustrator Victor Hubinon) "Buck Danny"; (with Hubinon) The Demon of the Caribbean, (with illustrator Albert Uderzo) Michel Tanguy, and (with Jean Giraud) Fort Navajo (later Lieutenant Blueberry). Contributing writer for comic strips "Kim Devil," "Marc Dacier," "Jean Valhardi," and "Tiger Joe." Adaptor of "Michel Tanguy" stories for French television.

SIDELIGHTS: Jean-Michel Charlier was a Belgian writer and illustrator of comics who was best known in the United States for translations of Lieutenant Blueberry, a series that began in 1963. During the 1980s, the stories shifted to portray the life of Blueberry, a Wild West hero, as a younger man.

In the series, Blueberry is a bigoted Southerner who, during the U.S. Civil War, opposes the Northern effort to end slavery until he is framed for murder by another white man. He flees to the North, changes his name, and joins the Union army. His only hope of being cleared lies with a black slave he once treated badly. A Booklist contributor reviewed series compilation Young Blueberry: Blueberry's Secret, saying that Charlier "makes the dramatic turnaround in the young man's life believable and effective."

In reviewing Chihuahua Pearl, a story of espionage in the Old West, a Publishers Weekly contributor noted that although this plot is familiar to contemporary readers, it was an "unusual treatment" when it first appeared in 1970, in a French magazine.

BIOGRAPHICAL AND CRITICAL SOURCES:

BOOKS

Horn, Maurice, editor, The World Encyclopedia of Comics, Volume 1, Chelsea House (New York, NY), 1976.

PERIODICALS

Booklist, February 1, 1990, review of Young Blueberry: Blueberry's Secret, p. 1080.

Publishers Weekly, April 28, 1989, review of Chihuahua Pearl, p. 73.

ONLINE

Lambiek.nethttp://www.lambiek.net/ (August 4, 2003), Jean-Michel Charlier bio.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Charlier, Jean-Michel 1924–1989." Contemporary Authors. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Charlier, Jean-Michel 1924–1989." Contemporary Authors. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/charlier-jean-michel-1924-1989

"Charlier, Jean-Michel 1924–1989." Contemporary Authors. . Retrieved September 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/charlier-jean-michel-1924-1989

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.