Borgese, Elisabeth Mann 1918-2002
BORGESE, Elisabeth Mann 1918-2002
OBITUARY NOTICE—See index for CA sketch: Born April 24, 1918, in Munich, Germany; died of complications from a respiratory infection February 8, 2002, in Samedan, near St. Moritz, Switzerland. Political scientist, environmentalist, educator, and author. Borgese devoted her life to the preservation of the seas and the responsible management of ocean resources. She was an organizer of the first Peace in the Oceans Conference in 1970 and a founder of the International Oceans Institute, which she headed until 1992. Her unflagging efforts contributed to the creation of the United Nations Law of the Seas Treaty in 1982. Borgese, the daughter of German novelist Thomas Mann, was born in Germany but fled that country in 1933. As a U.S. citizen from 1941 to 1983, her work included several years as a senior fellow at the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions in Santa Barbara, California; she was also a founding member of the Club of Rome. Adopting Canadian citizenship in 1983, Borgese taught political science and law at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Her ongoing mission, however, was to protect the sea. She wrote several books, including The Drama of the Oceans, which was widely translated, Ocean Governanceand the United Nations, and The Oceanic Circle: Governing the Seas as a Global Resource. She also promoted the development of the sea as a resource, in books like Seafarm and The Mines of Neptune: Minerals and Metals of the Sea. Borgese's accomplishments were honored worldwide. Her awards include the Order of Canada in 1987, a German Federal Order of Merit, and a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation.
OBITUARIES AND OTHER SOURCES:
Los Angeles Times, February 24, 2002, p. B16.
New York Times, February 16, 2002, obituary by Wolfgang Saxon, p. B16.
Times (London, England), March 2, 2002.
Washington Post, February 10, 2002, p. C6.
"Borgese, Elisabeth Mann 1918-2002." Contemporary Authors. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 15, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/borgese-elisabeth-mann-1918-2002
"Borgese, Elisabeth Mann 1918-2002." Contemporary Authors. . Retrieved September 15, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/borgese-elisabeth-mann-1918-2002
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.