Rákóczy March

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Rákóczy March. Hung. march-tune dating from c.1809 by unknown composer (possibly János Bihari, gipsy violinist) and named in honour of Prince Francis Rákóczy, leader of the Hung. revolt against Austria, 1703–11. Liszt played it at recitals in Hungary, where its patriotic assocs. brought it into high popularity. Berlioz arr. it as Marche hongroise, 1846, and added it to his Scenes from Faust when he remodelled it as La Damnation de Faust. Also occurs in Johann Strauss's Zigeunerbaron.