Pincherle, Marc, noted French musicologist; b. Constantine, Algeria, June 13, 1888; d. Paris, June 20, 1974. He studied musicology in Paris with Pirro, Laloy, and Rolland. He served in both world wars; was taken prisoner of war in June 1940 and was interned in Germany until March 1941. He taught at the Paris École Normale de Musique; was artistic director of the Société Pleyel (1927–55) and president of the Société Française de Musicologie (1948–56). As a musicologist, he devoted himself mainly to the study of 17th- and 18th-century French and Italian music.
(all publ. in Paris unless otherwise given): Les Violonistes compositeurs et virtuoses (1922); Feuillets d’histoire du violon (1927; 2nd ed., 1935); Gorelli (1933); Les Musiciens peints par eux-mêmes (160 letters of famous composers from his own autograph collection; 1939); Antonio Vivaldi et la musique instrumentale (2 vols., 1948); Les Instruments du quatuor (1948; 3rd ed., 1970); L’Orchestre de chambre (1948); Jean- Marie Leclair l’âiné (1952); Petit lexique des termes musicaux d’usage courant (1953; 2nded., 1973); Corelli et son temps (1954; Eng. tr., 1956, as Corelli, His Life, His Work); Vivaldi (1955; Eng. tr., 1957, as Vivaldi: Genius of the Baroque); Fritz Kreisler (Geneva, 1956); Albert Roussel (Geneva, 1957); Histoire illustrée de la musique (1959; 2nd ed., 1962; Eng. tr., 1959); Le Monde des virtuoses (1961; Eng. tr., 1963); Musical Creation (Washington, D.C., 1961); L’orchestra da camera (Milan, 1963); Le Violon (1966; 2nd ed., 1974).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire