German bass-baritona; b. Potsdam, Feb. 6, 1817; d. Munich, March 6, 1891. He sang in the chorus of the Berlin Royal Opera, then appeared at the Leipzig theater (1839–46). In 1846 he became a member of the Munich Court Opera, and remained on its roster until his death. He also sang at Bayreuth, where he created the role of Titurel in Parsifal (1882).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire