Gautier, Pierre, French composer and opera director who was known as Pierre Gautier de Marseille; b. Provence, c. 1642; d. in a storm at sea off the coast of Sète, Dec. 1696. He learned to play the organ and harpsichord before going to Paris, where he studied with Chambonnières and was befriended by Hardelle. In 1670–71 he served as organist in La Ciotat. After returning to Paris, he moved in the circle of Lully. About 1681 he went to Marseilles, where he and his brother, the sculptor Jacques Gautier, explored the possibility of creating the first provincial opera company in France. In 1684 Lully granted Gautier a privilege to present operas in Marseilles and other locales in Provence. Gautier composed the opera Le triomphe de la paix for the inauguration of his opera company in Marseilles on Jan. 28, 1685. In 1687 his opera Le jugement de soleil was premiered there. When Gautier was imprisoned for the company’s debts in 1688, his enterprise collapsed. Following a sojourn in Lyons, he returned to Marseilles in 1692 with the intention of building the city’s first opera house. With Gautier as music director and his brother as director-in-chief, the new opera house opened in 1693 with a capacity of 1,000. The new enterprise flourished, and the company successfully mounted operas by Lully in Marseilles and on tour. After the company gave performances in Montpellier in Nov. 1696, Pierre and his brother met their tragic fate in a storm at sea on their return to Marseilles. Gautier’s operas are not extant, but a number of his fine instrumental pieces have survived. A vol. of his “symphonies,” actually 17 duos for Violin and Basso Continuo and 22 trios for 2 Violins and Basso Continuo, was publ. posthumously by Christophe Bal-lard in Paris in 1707.
—Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Gautier Pierre." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 17, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gautier-pierre
"Gautier Pierre." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved January 17, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gautier-pierre
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.