Gardiner, William, English writer on music; b. Leicester, March 15, 1770; d. there, Nov. 16, 1853. His father, a hosiery manufacturer, was an amateur musician from whom he acquired the rudiments of music. During his travels on the Continent on his father’s business he gathered materials for a collection, Sacred Melodies (1812–38), adapted to English words from works by Mozart, Haydn, and Beethoven. His book The Music of Nature (London, 1832) enjoyed a certain vogue. He also publ. memoirs, Music and Friends, or Pleasant Recollections of a Dilettante (3 vols.; I-II, London, 1838; III, 1853) and Sights in Italy, with some Account of the Present State of Music and the Sister Arts in that Country (London, 1847).
J. Wilshire, W. G. of Leicester, 1770–1853 (London, 1970).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Gardiner, William." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 16, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gardiner-william
"Gardiner, William." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved July 16, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gardiner-william
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.