Skip to main content

Fongaard, Björn

Fongaard, Björn

Fongaard, Björn, Norwegian composer and guitarist; b. Christiania, March 2, 1919; d. there (Oslo), Oct. 26, 1980. He took up the guitar at an early age before pursuing his musical training at the Oslo Cons, with Per Steenberg, Bjarne Brustad, and Karl Andersen. He appeared as a guitarist and also taught guitar at the Oslo Cons. His interest in the potentialities of fractional intervals led him to devise special guitars for playing microtonal music with the aid of electronic techniques which he described as “orchestra microtonalis.” He composed a prolific corpus of works in every conceivable genre.

Works

DRAMATIC Skapelse II (Creation II), church opera (1972); Andromeda, ballet music (1972); Dimensions, ballet music (1974). ORCH.: 2 sinfoniettas (1951,1968); Sonata Concertante for Guitar and Orch. (1963); 12 symphonic poems (1963–71); Orchestral Antiphonalis (1968); Symphony of Space I-III (1969); Sinfonia Geo-Paleontologica I-V (1970); Relativity: Symphony I-III (1970); 23 piano concertos (1973–76); 3 flute concertos (1973–76); 7 violin concertos (1973–77); 3 horn concertos (1973–77); 2 oboe concertos (1976); 2 clarinet concertos (1976); 2 trumpet concertos (1977); 5 organ concertos (1977–78); many other concertos; 7 syms. for Strings (1980). CHAMBER: 2 guitar sonatas (1947, 1963); 2 microtonal guitar sonatas (1965, 1975); 2 sonatas for Solo Oboe (1967,1968); Sonata for Electronically Metamorphosed Tam-tam (1968); Sonata for Saxophone and Microtonal Guitar (1970); Sonata for Solo Bassoon (1972); Trio for Flute, Viola, and Harp (1971); 21 string quartets (1973); 9 wind quintets (1974); 9 wind trios (1975); 6 wind quartets (1975); 12 string trios (1975); numerous other works, including 57 solo sonatas. Additional works include a vast amount of piano music, organ pieces, vocal music, and tape pieces.

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Fongaard, Björn." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Fongaard, Björn." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 16, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/fongaard-bjorn

"Fongaard, Björn." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved November 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/fongaard-bjorn

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.