Eysler (actually, Eisler), Edmund

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Eysler (actually, Eisler), Edmund

Eysler (actually, Eisler), Edmund, noted Austrian composer; b. Vienna, March 12, 1874; d. there, Oct. 4, 1949. He was a student of Door (piano), R. Fuchs (harmony and counterpoint), and J. N. Fuchs (composition) at the Vienna Cons. He made Vienna the center of his activities, beginning with the premiere of his operetta Bruder Straubinger (Feb. 20, 1903). Its waltz song Kussen ist keine Sund became celebrated. Success continued with Pufferl (Feb. 10, 1905), Die Schiitzenliesel (Oct. 7, 1905), Kunstlerblut (Oct. 20, 1906), and Vera Violetta (Nov. 30, 1907). Further success attended his Der unsterbliche Lump (Oct. 14, 1910), Der Natursanger (Dec. 22, 1911), Der Fmuenfresser (Dec. 23, 1911), Der lachende Ehemann (March 19,1913), and Ein Tag im Paradies (Dec. 23, 1913). Even during World War I, his works were produced unabated: Die-oder keine (Oct. 9, 1915), Wenn zwei sich lieben (Oct. 29, 1915), Warum geht’s denn jetzt? (July 5, 1916), Hanni geht’s tanzen (Nov. 7, 1916), and Graf Toni (March 2, 1917). After the War, Eysler brought out a steady stream of additional scores. His greatest postwar success came with Die goldene Meisterin (Sept. 13, 1927), which was acclaimed as one of his finest scores. His last major success came with Ihr erster Ball (Nov. 21, 1929). As a Jew, Eysler was compelled to go into hiding during World War II. After the War, his status was restored as one of Vienna’s master melodists of the operetta genre.

Works

DRAMATIC M u s i c a l T h e a t e r (all first perf. in Vienna unless otherwise given): Das Gastmahl des Lucullus (Nov. 23, 1901); Bruder Straubinger (Feb. 20, 1903); Pufferl (Feb. 10, 1905); Die Schiitzenliesel (Oct. 7, 1905); Phryne

(Oct. 6, 1906); Kunstlerblut (Oct. 20, 1906); Vera Violetta (Nov. 30, 1907); Ein Tag auf dem Mars (Jan. 17, 1908); Das Glucksschweinchen (June 26, 1908); Johann der Zweite (Oct. 3, 1908); Der junge Papa (Feb. 3, 1909); Lumpus und Pumpus (Jan. 21, 1910); Der unsterbliche Lump (Oct. 14, 1910); Der Zirkuskind (Feb. 18, 1911); Der Natursanger (Dec. 22, 1911); Der Frauenfresser (Dec. 23, 1911); Der lachende Ehemann (March 19,1913); Bin Tag im Paradies (Dec. 23, 1913); Komm, deutscher Bruder (Oct. 4, 1914); Der Kriegsberichterstatter (Oct. 9, 1914; in collaboration with others); Fruhling am Rhein (Oct. 10, 1914); Der Durchgang der Venus (Nov. 28, 1914); Die—oder keine (Oct. 9, 1915); Wenn zwei sich lieben (Oct. 29, 1915); Das Zimmer der Pompadour (Dec. 1, 1915); Warum geht’s denn jetzt? (July 5, 1916); Hanni geht’s tanzen (Nov. 7, 1916); Der beruhmte Gabriel (Nov. 8, 1916); Graf Toni (March 2, 1917); Der Aushilfsgatte (Nov. 7, 1917); Lewte i?on tote (June 22, 1918; in collaboration with R. Stolz and A. Werau); Der dunkel Schatz (Nov. 14, 1918); Der fidele Geiger (Jan. 17, 1919); Rund um die Buhne (March 1,1920); Der Kb’nig heiratet (April 1920); Wer hat’s gemacht (Oct. 1, 1920); La bella Mammina (Rome, April 9, 1921; German version as Die scho’ne Mama, Vienna, Sept. 17, 1921); Die fromme Helene (Dec. 22, 1921); Die Parliamentskathi (April 15, 1922); Fraulein Sopherl, die schone vom Markt (May 19, 1922); Schummel macht alles (July 1, 1922); Drei auf einmal (March 29, 1923); Der ledige Schwiegersohn (April 20, 1923); Vierzehn Tage (im) Arrest (June 16, 1923); Lumpenlieschen (May 21, 1923); Das Land der Liebe (Aug. 27, 1926); Die goldene Meisterin (Sept. 13, 1927); Ihr erster Ball (Nov. 21, 1929); Das Strumpfband der Pompadour (Augsburg, March 16, 1930); Durchlaucht Mizzi (Dec. 23, 1930); Die schlimme Paulette (Augsburg, March 1, 1931); Zwei alte Wiener (Feb. 12, 1932); Die Rakete (Innsbruck, Dec. 23, 1932); Donauliebchen (Dec. 25, 1932); Das ist der erste Liebe(lei) (Dec. 23, 1934); Wiener Musik (Dec. 22, 1947). Opera : Der Hexenspiegel (1900); Hochzeitspraludium (1946). Ballet: Schlaraffenland (1899). O t h e r D r a m a t i c : Dances. OTHER: Piano pieces; songs.

Bibliography

K. Ewald, E. E.: Ein Musiker aus Wien (Vienna, 1934);R. Prosl, E. E. (Vienna, 1947).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

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Eysler (actually, Eisler), Edmund

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