Skip to main content

Chrysander, (Karl Franz) Friedrich

Chrysander, (Karl Franz) Friedrich

Chrysander, (Karl Franz) Friedrich, eminent German musicologist and editor; b. Lübtheen, Mecklenburg, July 8, 1826; d. Bergedorf, near Hamburg, Sept. 3, 1901. He began his career as a private tutor. In 1855 he received his Ph.D. from Rostock Univ. His major undertaking was a biography of Handel, but it remained incomplete, bringing the account only to 1740 (three vols., 1858–67; reprint, 1966). With Gottfried Gervinus, the literary historian, he organized the Deutsche Hân-delgesellschaft in 1856 for the purpose of publishing a complete ed. of Handel’s works. After the first vol. was issued in 1858, disagreements among the members caused Chrysander and Gervinus to carry the task alone. King George of Hannover granted them, in 1860, an annual subvention of 1, 000 thaler, which they continued to receive until the annexation of Hannover by Prussia in 1866; in 1870, Prussia renewed the subvention from Hannover; after the death of Gervinus in 1871, Chrysander continued the task alone. The resulting publication, Georg Friedrich Handels Werke: Ausgabe der Drutschen Handelgesellschaft (100 vols., Leipzig and Bergedorf bei Hamburg, 1858–94; 6 suppl. vols., 1888–1902), was a monumental achievement, but it was superseded by the new critical edition ed. by M. Schneider and R. Steglich (Kassel, 1955–). Chrysander also served as ed. of the Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung (1868–71, 1875–82), to which he contributed many articles. He ed. an important collection of essays in the Jahrbuchfiir Musikalische Wissenschaft in 1863, and again in 1867. In 1885 he helped to found (with Philipp Spitta and Guido Adler) the Vierteljahrsschrift für Musikwissen-schaft, and contributed to it until 1894. His other writings include Über die Molltonart in den Volksgesangen (Schwerin, 1853), Über das Oratorium (Schwerin, 1853), and Handels biblische Oratorien in ge-schichtlicher Betrach-tung (Hamburg, 1897; 4th ed., 1922).


W. Schardig, F G: Leben und Werk (Hamburg, 1986).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Chrysander, (Karl Franz) Friedrich." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . 21 Oct. 2018 <>.

"Chrysander, (Karl Franz) Friedrich." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . (October 21, 2018).

"Chrysander, (Karl Franz) Friedrich." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved October 21, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.