BIRD, Richard. Canadian, b. 1938. Genres: Economics. Career: With Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 1961-68; Professor of Economics Emeritus, and Director, International Tax Program, University of Toronto (Associate Professor, 1968-70; Director, Institute of Policy Analysis, 1980-85; Professor). Chief of tax policy div., International Monetary Fund, 1972-74. Publications: (co-author) Financing Urban Development in Mexico City, 1967; Taxation and Development: Lessons from Colombian Experience, 1970; The Growth of Government Spending in Canada, 1970; Taxing Agricultural Land in Developing Countries, 1974; Charging for Public Services, 1976; (with E. Slack) Residential Property Tax Relief in Ontario, 1978; Financing Canadian Government, 1979; (with M.W. Bucovetsky and D.K. Foot) The Growth of Public Employment in Canada, 1979; Taxing Corporations, 1980; Tax Incentives for Investment, 1980; (with others) Industrial Policy in Ontario, 1985; Federal Finance in Comparative Perspective, 1986; (with R.A. and P.B. Musgrave) Public Finance in Theory and Practice, 1987; (with S. Horton) Government Policy and the Poor in Developing Countries, 1989; (with S. Cnossen) The Personal Income Tax: Phoenix from the Ashes?, 1990; (with O. Oldman) Taxation in Developing Countries, 1990; More Taxing than Taxes?, 1991; Tax Policy and Economic Development, 1992; (with D. Brean and M. Krauss), Taxing International Portfolio Investment, 1992; (with E. Slack) Urban Public Finance in Canada, 1993; (with R. Ebel and C. Wallich) Decentralization of The Socialist State, 1995; (with F. Vaillancourt) Fiscal Decentralization in Developing Countries, 1998. Address: c/o Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 3E6.
"Bird, Richard." Writers Directory 2005. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 24, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/culture-magazines/bird-richard
"Bird, Richard." Writers Directory 2005. . Retrieved August 24, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/culture-magazines/bird-richard
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.