Skip to main content

Margaret of Parma (b. 1612)

Margaret of Parma (b. 1612)

Duchess of Parma . Name variations: Margherita of Parma; Margherita de Medici; Margaret de Medici; Margaret Farnese. Born in 1612; daughter of Cosimo II de Medici (1590–1620), grand duke of Tuscany (r. 1609–1620), and Maria Magdalena of Austria (1589–1631); married Odoardo or Edward Farnese, duke of Parma (1612–1646, r. 1622–1646), in 1628.

In 1628, 17-year-old Margaret de Medici was married to Edward Farnese, the duke of Parma, to strengthen ties between the house of Tuscany and Parma, as well as Tuscany's position in Italy. Two generations later, when the throne of Tuscany became vacant, Margaret's descendants became the rightful heirs.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Margaret of Parma (b. 1612)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Margaret of Parma (b. 1612)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 19, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/margaret-parma-b-1612

"Margaret of Parma (b. 1612)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved November 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/margaret-parma-b-1612

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.