Lydia (fl. 53 CE)
Lydia (fl. 53 ce)
Biblical woman who was the first Christian convert in Europe. Name variations: Lydia of Thyatira. Born in Thyatira on the border of Lydia in Asia Minor.
A prosperous businesswoman from the city of Thyatira (she sold purple-dyed cloth, for which the city was known), Lydia was converted to Christianity by the apostle Paul and is considered the first Christian convert in Europe. Her story is recorded in Acts.
Around the year 55, Paul was making a voyage to Macedonia and stopped in the Roman colony of Philippi, where he stayed for several days. On the Sabbath, he ventured outside the city gates to preach to a group of women who had assembled near the river to pray. Lydia, identified as a proselyte, a worshipper of the true God, was among the group that had gathered. Opening her heart to Paul's message, she was baptized that very day along with her entire household. Afterwards, eager to hear more about the Messiah, she issued an invitation to Paul and his companions to lodge at her home, which he accepted.
After Paul left Philippi, he continued to communicate with Lydia through letters, which she treasured and memorized. After her conversion, she lost interest in her successful business, and used her money to spread the new faith.
"Lydia (fl. 53 CE)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 18, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lydia-fl-53-ce
"Lydia (fl. 53 CE)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved November 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lydia-fl-53-ce
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.